domingo, 27 de noviembre de 2016

Mientras tanto, en Alepo...

Calle por calle, casa por casa, piedra por piedra, la coalición Siria+Rusia+Irán+Hezbollá (a la que se le suma ahora Egipto) va desalojando de Alepo (de lo que queda de Alepo, mejor dicho) a las bandas de fanáticos islámicos dirigidos, pertrechados y coordinados por la coalición EEUU+NATO+monarquías petroleras árabes. Turquía mira las cosas por TV, por el momento. Leemos la siguiente nota de Juan Carlos Sanz para el diario español El País:


Título: El avance del régimen arrolla a los rebeldes en Alepo

Subtítulo: Miles de civiles huyen de los combates en el este, que amenazan con partir en dos el frente insurgente

Texto: El avance de las fuerzas del régimen sirio en las últimas horas amenaza con dar un vuelco a la sangrienta batalla en los barrios del este de Alepo. Las tropas gubernamentales se apoderaron el sábado del distrito oriental de Hanano, controlado por los rebeldes desde 2012, y conquistaron el domingo también los barrios colindantes de Jabal Bardro y Baidin. Miles de civiles han huido del frente de combates, según confirmó el Observatorio Sirio para los Derechos Humanos, que cuenta con informadores sobre el terreno. La mayoría se dirige hacia al sur de la parte rebelde de Alepo, ante el temor a que la ofensiva del Ejército divida en dos mitades el área insurgente de la ciudad, aunque cerca de 10.000 personas se han pasado a la zona gubernamental o el área controlada por las milicias kurdas, informa France Presse.

Los bombardeos aéreos y de la artillería del régimen se concentran ahora sobre los distritos de Sakhur, Haidaria y Sahar. Si las fuerzas leales al presidente Bachar el Asad logran romper la resistencia en estos feudos de la oposición, el frente rebelde puede empezar a desmoronarse tras quedar seccionado. La agencia estatal de noticias SANA proclamaba los avances gubernamentales, mientras el Observatorio constataba la retirada de los rebeldes y un “éxodo de civiles sin precedentes en cuatro años en Alepo”. Fuentes del mando insurgente citadas por Reuters admitían que la información sobre la caída de Hanano por parte del Ejército era “en gran parte cierta”. Este distrito, donde los artificieros militares ya han comenzado las operaciones de desminado y desactivación de bombas trampa, tiene un alto valor simbólico, ya que fue el primero en ser tomado por los rebeldes en Alepo hace cuatro años.


 El avance del régimen arrolla a los rebeldes en Alepo

El corte de las vías de suministro de armas desde Turquía, el agotamiento de las reservas de víveres y el colapso de los centros sanitarios tras los últimos ataques han forzado el repliegue rebelde ante el imparable avance del régimen. Desde que se inició la operación del Ejército, el pasado día 15, han muerto 219 civiles en los ataques, según el recuento del Observatorio. Más de 250.000 personas permanecen cercadas en el este de Alepo desde el mes de julio, cuando Naciones Unidas pudo hacer llegar los últimos convoyes con ayuda humanitaria.

La ofensiva general terrestre de las fuerzas de El Asad –apoyadas por combatientes aliados chiíes de Irán, Líbano e Irak– se produce tras la victoria electoral en Estados Unidos del republicano Donald Trump, partidario de dejar de apoyar a la oposición y de concentrar el esfuerzo bélico en Siria en la lucha contra el Estado Islámico. Rusia, que apoya militarmente al régimen desde hace un año, asegura que su aviación no está interviniendo en Alepo y que solo dirige sus ataques contra milicias yihadistas rebeldes en las cercanas provincias de Idlib y Homs.


Ataque de Israel al ISIS en el Golán

En pleno periodo de transición de poder en la Casa Blanca, se registraba también ayer el primer ataque israelí de entidad contra combatientes del Estado Islámico en las proximidades de los Altos del Golán, territorio sirio ocupado por Israel desde 1967. El portavoz de las Fuerzas Armadas, teniente coronel Peter Lerner, informó de que cazas de la aviación militar habían matado a cuatro milicianos de las Brigadas de los Mártires de Yarmuk un grupo armado jordano que se declara seguidor del Estado Islámico y opera al sur del Golán, en el vértice con las fronteras de Siria y Jordania.

Los yihadistas habían disparado poco antes con una ametralladora pesada montada sobre un vehículo contra posiciones militares israelíes sin causar daños a las tropas, precisó el citado portavoz. Esta filial del ISIS –integrada por islamistas radicales jordanos procedentes de la región de Irbid y en la que no se han alistado milicianos de otros países, según la inteligencia militar israelí– no había actuado hasta ahora contra los soldados que patrullan el Golán.

El Ejército suele replicar con disparos de artillería cuando algún proyectil perdido, procedente de combates entre las facciones de ella guerra civil siria, cae sobre la meseta siria ocupada por Israel o en la zona de separación, que ha vuelto a ser recientemente custodiada por cascos azules de la ONU, pero hasta ahora no había intervenido con contundencia contra una franquicia del ISIS, como las Brigadas de los Mártires de Yarmuk.


***


Ahora veamos cómo cuenta las cosas el sitio web Moon of Alabama, con más detalles en los aspectos tácticos y estratégicos del conflicto:


Título: Syria Roundup: Jihadi Fronts Fall Apart - Egypt Enters The Fight

Texto: The Syrian army (SAA) and its allies made huge progress in east-Aleppo. There, as seemingly everywhere else, the Jihadi' fronts are breaking down. Disunity in the opposition, in reflection of disunity among their sponsors, disrupts all of their attempts for new initiatives. The largely hidden Russian air campaign behind the "rebel" frontlines diminished their material and personal reserves.

New help for the Syrian alliance will soon come in form of Egyptian forces. With various "rebel" enclaves eliminated by fighting or peace deals more Syrian troops will be freed and become available for new campaigns. Turkey has been told in no uncertain words to pull back from its Syria (and Iraq) plans. With more forces available and under solid Russian (air) protection new SAA initiatives towards Idleb in the north of the country as well as against Raqqa in the east will now become possible.

After breaking the Jihadi front in the north-eastern part of the east-Aleppo cauldron yesterday, the defenses there fell completely apart. The Jihadis had to pull back and the whole norther third of the Jihadi held east-Aleppo is now rapidly falling to the Syrian government forces. The main reason for the defeat of the Jihadis is - tadaaah - the "lack of hospitals":

"The revolutionaries are fighting fiercely but the volume of bombardments and the intensity of the battles, the dead and the wounded, and the lack of hospitals, are all playing a role in the collapse of these frontlines," said an official from Jabha Shamiya, one of the biggest groups fighting against Assad in northern Syria.

The destruction of the last hospital for transsexual cats in Aleppo by a thermobaric barrel nuke must have been the tipping point of the fight. This is, I believe, the first time such a ludicrous propaganda excuse has been given for a total defeat.

In reality the Syrian forces are avoiding casualties and use their overwhelming firepower to clear the way before their infantry proceeds. This demolishes any defense line the "rebels" can set up even before the real fighting starts. Only hardened and very disciplined troops could hold such a line under fire and offer real resistance. The "rebels" can't.

The map, via Electronic Resistance, shows the SAA progress today:





About 1,500 civilians escaped from east-Aleppo towards the SAA. (New reports say 4,000 - this proves that rebels had held these civilians hostage.) All over the U.S./UN propaganda numbers of 200,000, 250,000, 300,000 civilians in east-Aleppo are rapidly proven to be the nonsense (and financial racket) they always were. The recovered areas are almost empty of any civilians. As shown back in mid October the real number of people in in east-Aleppo were likely some 4-5,000 Jihadis (less now), half of them hardcore al-Qaeda, and probably 20,000 civilians, mostly immediate families of the fighters. (It is quite possible that even these guestimates were way too high.) (http://www.moonofalabama.org/2016/10/number-of-al-qaeda-fighters-in-east-aleppo-defined-down-to-three.html)

East of Aleppo city a Turkish move towards Al-Bab was halted by a Syrian airstrike under Russian protection. Erdogan's plans for a Turkish aligned entity including at least Al-Bab, Raqqa and Manbij went up in smoke. Elijah Magnier gives an excellent overview of the interests behind the various moves in the area and the current events there: On the same day, one year apart, Russia gets its revenge and stops Turkey at the gates of al-Bab (https://elijahjm.wordpress.com/2016/11/27/on-the-same-day-one-year-apart-russia-gets-its-revenge-and-stops-turkey-at-the-gates-of-al-bab/).

In the south of Syria around Damascus two more small "rebel" enclaves gave up and made peace deals with the government. Fighters who profess to want to die on the battlefield are given a chance to relocate to Idleb where they will later be eliminated (or -more likely - from where they will flee to Europe).

The Jihadi pocket in east Ghouta has been diminished over the last weeks and is down to one empty medium city and a few villages. It will be cleaned up within the coming days. An Jihadi attempt to relieve a Jihadi pocket in west Ghouta failed:

Qalaat Al Mudiq @QalaatAlMudiq - 3:49 AM - 26 Nov 2016
Rebels started a new battle in #Quneitra province aiming to break the siege of W. #Ghouta. Pre-emptive shelling ongoing.
...
[lots of "progress" and "successes" tweets]
...
Qalaat Al Mudiq ?@QalaatAlMudiq - 6:53 AM - 27 Nov 2016
@QalaatAlMudiq Battle stopped after disagrements btwn groups involved to break siege of W. #Ghouta & Khan Ash Sheikh evacuation abt to start


The Egyptian powers that are, mostly in the armed forces, had kicked the Muslim Brotherhood out of the government. The MB had supported the Jihadists in Syria and Libya and were drifting themselves further into a more radical direction. The Egyptian army move had come after the Saudis had urged for such. They had offered huge amounts of economic help for a new government. The MB were seen as a danger to Riyadh. Then the Saudi priorities changed. The Wahhabis suddenly made up with the political Islam ideologues in the MB. Together with the Muslim Brotherhood ruled Turkey and MB supporter Qatar the new Saudi Arabian rulers reinforced a campaign to implement Islamist rule in Libya, Iraq, Syria and Yemen.

This changed the situation for Egypt. Turkey and Qatar became enemies as did their proxy forces in Libya. When the Saudis officially asked the Sisi government in Egypt to support the Muslim Brotherhood the end of the alliance was reached. The MB is THE enemy for Egypt, not ever to be allowed in power again anywhere. It also broke with the U.S. who had supported the MB everywhere. Instead friendly relations with Russia were renewed.

Cairo believes that the installation of any kind of Islamist regime in Syria would endanger Egypt. (Israel could easily transfer Jihadis it actively supports in the Syrian Golan heights to the Sinai peninsula.) It also believes that the current Saudi regime will haven fallen apart due to internal fighting by the end of 2017. It therefore now offers serious help to Syria to fight its enemies down.

A few weeks ago a high level Egyptian military delegation came to Syria to discuss their taking part in the campaign under Syrian and Russian command. It is claimed that Egyptian air planes and helicopters relocated to an airport in the Syrian Hama governate. Egypt has a large ground army and open sea access towards Syria. I can and likely will provide serious ground troop elements.

France had build two Mistral-class amphibious assault ship for Russia but, as part of sanctions over Ukraine, was not allowed to deliver them to Russia. They were, in the end, sold to Egypt. There they were equipped with Russian helicopters and electronics. It is rumored that they operate with Russian officers on board.

Each ship can deliver a full battalion, some 400-900 men and all their equipment, to the beach. With both Egyptian ships doing two rounds each from Suez to Latakia a full infantry brigade with all its ground support elements could be delivered to Syria within days. The Russian helicopters on board of the Mistrals would be the supporting air element. The Russian fleet in the eastern Mediterranean would cover the moves.

This would be a fully organized, brigade size military unit able to fight battles on its own in a coherent way. Such a unit is much more valuable that the mostly irregular Shia forces the Iranians hired to help in Syria. Those need logistic and command support from the Syrian army. The Egyptians can, given a task, run on their own. For geopolitical reasons (aka the Suez canal) neither the U.S. nor Turkey would dare to touch them.

There are currently some 4,000 Iraqi and some 4,000 Iran hired Shia forces in Syria. 400 Iranian IRCG officers are there to advise and command those. Hizbullah has send some 2,000 of its special forces Ridwan units. Russia has in addition to its air and air defense elements special forces and command elements on the ground. The Egyptian force with some 4,000 soldiers would not be huge addition but it would be a good united fighting element. The political support which such a unit symbolizes is certainly of equal if not more value.

France, which feverish supports the Jihadis in Syria, would be completely embarrassed by such a move. The whole world would laugh over its sanction move against Russia when the "Egyptian" Mistrals come in support of the Syrian government under Russian command.

If such an Egyptian move happens a Syrian government campaign towards Raqqa is suddenly not only possible but even likely. The Egyptian army has some experience fighting Jihadis in the Sinai. It is not overly shy of taking casualties and it hates the Islamists. It can easily reinforce its own units on the ground with whatever number is needed. If Egypt is serious with this, ISIS in Raqqa is toast and all U.S. plans for a "Salafist principality" in east-Syria and west-Iraq will be in shambles.

With all the above and a president Trump likely to pull back support for the Jihadis in Syria the end of the war is coming into sight. Even if Qatar and others continue their support, as it promises, for the Jihadis those will have no chance against the much better organized alliance around the Syrian government.

The strongly U.S. influenced European Council for Foreign Affairs just put out a new paper on Syria aimed at EU governments: The First Trump Test - European Policy And The Siege Of Aleppo (http://www.ecfr.eu/article/commentary_the_first_trump_test_european_policy_and_the_siege_of_aleppo7186)


The sub-headline reads:

There is no longer any real hope of deposing Assad. Europe must instead work towards an ugly deal that salvages something for the Syrian people.

A better title would have been: How the EU totally screwed up and lost out with its slavish following of U.S. insanity and its opposition to Assad and Russia.


The EU is so disunited and without any foresight and vision that it can not even handle the blackmailing by the wannabe Sultan of Turkey. Blocking all EU credits and support for the Turkish economy would bankrupt Erdogan's government within months. Putin has shown how to handle the dude. How come no one in in Brussels (or Berlin) has learned from that?


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