jueves, 24 de noviembre de 2016

La bomba de la deuda



La imagen de arriba viene del sitio Visual Capitalist y muestra la cantidad de dólares per capita que debe cada país del mundo (click sobre la imagen para ampliar). Los países coloreados en rojo son aquellos en los cuales la deuda supera el 100% del PBI; naranja: entre 60 y el 100%, amarillo: entre 30 y el 60%; verde, menos del 30%. Nótese que Japón tiene un problemita, aunque no es el único. El tiempo comenzó a correr feo para los países rojos y naranjas; cada vez más sus políticas económicas estarán crecientemente dirigidas a hacerse cargo de los costos de la deuda. Como esta es, en última instancia, impagable, al final del túnel está el default, inevitable. Se calcula que los EEUU ´tendrán un problema grave de pagos hacia el fin del mandato presidencial del Sr. Trump. En fin. Leemos en Zero Hedge:


Título: How Much Government Debt Rests Upon Your Shoulders?

Texto: With the U.S. National Debt closing in on the $20 trillion mark, there has been a lot of conversation in Washington about debt and its role in government. And most of that conversation right now revolves around President-elect Donald Trump.

On one hand, the Trump campaign had early rhetoric in the Presidential campaign that the elimination of the deficit and existing government debt would be paramount if elected. The Trump administration has also been highly critical of the Federal Reserve, saying that the Fed’s policies create a “false economy”. As a result, some see Trump embracing the unique opportunity to put his stamp on how the Federal Reserve does business in early 2017.

On the other hand, even many conservative think tanks are concerned about what Trump policies mean for government debt. Rebuilding infrastructure is not cheap, and widely-cited estimates see the national debt increasing by anywhere from $5.3 trillion to $11.5 trillion over the next 10 years.


HOW MUCH GOVERNMENT DEBT IS ON YOU?

While giant numbers like $20 trillion sound abstract and meaningless, Visual Capitalist's Jeff Desjardins notes that converting them to debt-per-capita can make things more intuitive. The per-capita amount shows the amount of debt that exists per citizen, and makes things plain and simple.

Today’s infographic from HowMuch.net, a cost information site, shows government debt-per-capita in every country in the world, including the United States.

Here are the countries where people owe the most debt per person:


o Japan: $85,694.87 per person

o Ireland: $67,147.59 per person

o Singapore: $56,112.75 per person

o Belgium: $44,202.75 per person

o United States: $42,503.98 per person

o Canada: $42,142.61 per person

o Italy: $40,461.11 per person

o Iceland: $39,731.65 per person

o Australia: $38,769.98 per person

o United Kingdom: $36,206.11 per person


Of course, debt-per-capita isn’t the only lens to view government debt. We’ve previously shown global debt by percentage per country, government debt compared to tax revenues, accumulated debt compared to markets and the money supply, and a map scaled to debt-to-GDP ratios.


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Acá va el gráfico (imagen también producida por el sitio Visual Capitalist) que muestra el porcentaje de la deuda global, país por país:


(Click sobre la imagen para ampliar)


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