viernes, 22 de julio de 2016
Trump, NATO y la histeria mediática
Los chicos de la prensa corporativa estadounidense entraron estos días en histeria colectiva en relación con las declaraciones de Donald Trump sobre la relación entre los EEUU, la NATO y Europa. Veamos primero las declaraciones originales de Trump al New York Times:
Título: Transcript: Donald Trump on NATO, Turkey’s Coup Attempt and the World
Epígrafe: Donald J. Trump, the Republican presidential nominee, discussed his views on foreign policy in Cleveland on Wednesday with David E. Sanger and Maggie Haberman of The New York Times during the Republican National Convention. The following is an edited transcript of their interview.
SANGER: So what we want to do is pick up where we left off in March. We were listening to Speaker Ryan last night, and he presented a much more traditional Republican, engaged internationalist view of the world. One in which he said that the United States would never lead from behind. In our conversation a few months ago, you were discussing pulling back from commitments we can no longer afford unless others pay for them. You were discussing a set of alliances that you were happy to participate in.
TRUMP: And I think, by the way, David, I think they will be able to afford them.
SANGER: They may be.
TRUMP: We can’t.
SANGER: But I guess the question is, If we can’t, do you think that your presidency, let’s assume for a moment that they contribute what they are contributing today, or what they have contributed historically, your presidency would be one of pulling back and saying, “You know, we’re not going to invest in these alliances with NATO, we are not going to invest as much as we have in Asia since the end of the Korean War because we can’t afford it and it’s really not in our interest to do so.”
TRUMP: If we cannot be properly reimbursed for the tremendous cost of our military protecting other countries, and in many cases the countries I’m talking about are extremely rich. Then if we cannot make a deal, which I believe we will be able to, and which I would prefer being able to, but if we cannot make a deal, I would like you to say, I would prefer being able to, some people, the one thing they took out of your last story, you know, some people, the fools and the haters, they said, “Oh, Trump doesn’t want to protect you.” I would prefer that we be able to continue, but if we are not going to be reasonably reimbursed for the tremendous cost of protecting these massive nations with tremendous wealth — you have the tape going on?
SANGER: We do.
HABERMAN: We both do.
TRUMP: With massive wealth. Massive wealth. We’re talking about countries that are doing very well. Then yes, I would be absolutely prepared to tell those countries, “Congratulations, you will be defending yourself.”
SANGER: That suggests that our forward deployments around the world are based on their interests — they’re not really based on our interests. And yet I think many in your party would say that the reason that we have troops in Europe, the reason that we keep 60,000 troops in Asia, is that it’s in our interest to keep open trading lines, it’s in our interest to keep the North Koreans in check, you do that much better out away from the United States.
TRUMP: I think it’s a mutual interest, but we’re being reimbursed like it’s only in our interest. I think it’s a mutual interest. …
Ahora las reacciones. Leemos en Russia Insider:
Título: US Regime Media in Full Meltdown Mode Over Trump's NATO Remarks
Texto: Full meltdown mode all over the orthodox US press from the most-established ("namiest") brands to the newest and hippest.
How a Trump presidency could destabilize Europe Anne Applebaum - The Washington Post: But now it is 2016, truth is stranger than fiction, and we finally have a presidential candidate, Donald Trump, with direct and indirect links to a foreign dictator, Vladimir Putin, whose policies he promotes.
Trump would wreck, not restore, America’s standing in the world - Editorial Board - The Washington Post: This is an extraordinary willingness to question 70 years of bedrock political consensus on U.S. foreign policy — one that includes Mr. Obama, who has dispatched U.S. troops to defend the Baltics.
Trump proves he’s a Putin lapdog - Jennifer Rubin - The Washington Post: Trump continued on, promising to advance the “America First” mantra — an isolationist dog-whistle recalling Charles Lindbergh’s opposition in the 1930s to fighting Hitler.
It's Official: Hillary Clinton Is Running Against Vladimir Putin - Jeffrey Goldberg - The Atlantic: The Republican nominee for president, Donald J. Trump, has chosen this week to unmask himself as a de facto agent of Russian President Vladimir Putin, a KGB-trained dictator who seeks to rebuild the Soviet empire by undermining the free nations of Europe, marginalizing NATO, and ending America’s reign as the world’s sole superpower.
Donald Trump's Dark Vision - Editorial Board - Bloomberg: He called for a new era of isolationism in which America would retreat from the world order that generations of citizens sacrificed so much to build and sustain. (...) It was the most disturbing, demagogic and deluded acceptance speech by any major party nominee in the modern political era.
Trump Ignores the Reason America Defends the World - Editorial Board - Bloomberg: The biggest cause for alarm, however, may be Trump's casual dismissal of a global system that the U.S. invented and which has served it well for decades.
Remember When Republicans Wanted to Stand Up to Putin? - Eli Lake - Bloomberg: The same guy who muses about killing the families of terrorists is open to abrogating America's treaty commitments to an alliance that has prevented a major European war for the last 70 years.
Donald Trump Is Sucking Up and Selling Out to Putin - Michael Weiss - The Daily Beast: Would Americans die for Narva? What an ugly and stupid question. Estonians have already died for New York.
Trump Is Dangerously Incompetent on National Security - Fred Kaplan - Slate: His promise to abandon NATO allies is a huge gift to Russia and China.
The Real Winner of RNC: Vladimir Putin - Franklin Foer - Slate: Donald Trump’s convention has been marked by gross incompetence in all areas save one: He’s been highly effective in moving the Republican Party toward Vladimir Putin.
Putin's Puppet - Franklin Foer - Slate: Vladimir Putin has a plan for destroying the West—and that plan looks a lot like Donald Trump.
Donald Trump’s NATO comments are the scariest thing he’s said - Zack Beauchamp - Vox: Wednesday night, Donald Trump said something that made a nuclear war between the United States and Russia more likely. With a few thoughtless words, he made World War III — the deaths of hundreds of millions of people in nuclear holocaust — plausible.
Of course Donald Trump wouldn't honor NATO obligations - Josh Barro - Business Insider: What is surprising is the way other Republicans, who claim to care about America's commitments to allies and leadership in the world, have brought themselves to endorse this man.