jueves, 12 de mayo de 2016

Brasil: la casualidad permanente


El gráfico muestra la evolución de los valores de Petrobrás y del índice Ibovespa en los últimos ocho meses. Nótese que, cuando a comienzos del mes de Marzo el circo del Impeachment comienza a tomar forma, las acciones de Petrobrás comienzan a subir precipitadamente. Lo que se dice la casualidad permanente, chicos.

Otra figura relevante para el análisis la ofrece el gráfico de acá abajo. Se muestra un esquema de las áreas de eventual concesión del petróleo “pre-” o “sub-salt”.



O sea, el petróleo que, por debajo de los 5.000 metros de profundidad y luego de atravesar napas y napas de salitre, aparece off-shore frente a Río y áreas aledañas. Entiéndase bien: estamos hablando de costos siderales de extracción, claramente por encima de los 100 dólares el barril. De hecho, el gobierno brasileño comenzó a activar la idea de explotar estos yacimientos, hace ya tres años, cuando en ese entonces el barril sobrepasaba los 120 dólares. A todo esto se nos dice que el mundo está nadando en petróleo, que hay por todos lados, que en cualquier momento se inventa el energético del futuro, bla bla bla. Pero las petroleras se matan por unos campos que están a 200 km de la costa y a 5.000 metros de profundidad. ¿Qué raro, no?

Leemos en el Zero Hedge de hoy:


Título: What's Next For Big Oil Now Brazilian President Rousseff Is Suspended?

Texto: Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff has been suspended from office following a senate vote to initiate her impeachment trial on corruption allegations that lead back to state-run Petrobras, leaving vice-president Michel Temer to take over in the interim, while foreign oil companies wait anxiously to see what this will mean for the industry.

Rousseff has denied any wrongdoing and refers to the impeachment process as a ‘’coup’’.

Temer is an academic who has also been accused of corruption. He is expected to take office today. He may remain in office until the end of Rousseff’s term in 2018 if the senate votes this through. For now, however, the senate has voted only to suspend Rousseff for 180 days.

Temer is expected to pursue privatization of state assets if he is left in office, and Brazil’s strong labor unions will fight this. An immediate strike has already been threatened by the labor union behind Transpetro—Petrobras’s transportation subsidiary—over Rousseff’s suspension. Other industry-related labor unions are also talking about strikes.

For the oil industry, nothing is clear. While the industry is seeking reforms on a number of levels, including changes to rules that require state-run Petrobras to have a 30-percent operating stake in all sub-salt projects and changes to tough local content rules, nothing is likely to be decided until Rousseff’s status is definitive.

At the same time, there were already indications that the oil industry was gaining ground with the current government. The day before Rousseff’s suspension announcement, Brazil said it was planning to push through new regulations any day that would allow companies other than state-run Petrobras to operate some sub-salt projects, according to anonymous sources cited by Reuters. These projects are part of the Subsalt Polygon—where the major discoveries have been—and presently only Petrobras can operate them.


There has been no independent confirmation of this report, and it remains unclear what the status of this potential relaxation may be in light of Rousseff’s suspension.

No hay comentarios:

Publicar un comentario en la entrada